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Mountaineering equipment list


Sweat-proof shirts:

You might sweat a lot during a summer mountain trip. Sweat-proof shirts that breathe well make a journey more enjoyable. Wear long-sleeved shirts if you don’t want to be hurt by plants or bitten by bugs.
*Cotton shirts are not recommended, as they only absorb sweat, not repel sweat. Not only can you feel uncomfortable, your body temperature can drop - in a low-temperature environment, this can lead to danger.

Sweat-proof pants:

Sweat-proof pants protect your legs from scratches and cuts and they allow large physical movements. General sports pants are good enough for simple excursions.
*Never wear jeans! Jeans absorb water and sweat. They make mountain climbing difficult if the cloth is not elastic at all.

Equipment for various weather conditions

Wind-proof / water-proof jackets:

There is thundershower in Danlan from time to time. A wind-proof, water-proof jacket that breathes well is indispensable.

Rain coats and rain paints:

Rain suits are recommended. Disposable rainwear is not ideal for mountain climbing and it breaks easily.

Hiking leggings:

Leggings are worn inside rain paints. The leggings keep small rocks, sands and bugs from falling into one’s shoes. They keep rain water from dripping down the shoes or dews from making paints moisty.

Multi-functional outdoor shoes / rain boots:

Most of the trails in Danlan are rather primitive. On a rainy day, they become wet and slippery. Remember to wear multi-functional outdoor shoes with a strong grip or slip-proof rain boots for a safe journey.
*Shoes for everyday purposes are not suitable for mountain trekking. With soft soles, they aren’t shock-proof, nor can they protect users’ joints. They easily make users fall down on a muddy surface.

Sunscreen goods:

Ultraviolet rays are stronger in high mountains than on flatland. Thus, make sure to bring enough sunscreen goods, such as head scarves, hats, and sunglasses.

Things to keep warm:

Never think it won’t get too cold in the mountains! With every ascending 100 meters, it actually gets colder by 0.6 Celsius degrees. Thus, at 1,000m mountaintop, the temperature drops by 6 Celsius degrees. Make sure you bring things to keep warm before departure, such as thick hats, headscarves, jackets, and wool trekking socks.



Backpacks are good enough (water-proof are even better). 20L-30L trekking backpacks are suitable for advanced mountain hikers. Make sure all things are packed evenly in the bag. The heavier objects should be placed at the top or close to one’s body. Use a water-proof cover to keep water and dirt away and avoid getting trapped by twigs.
*Keep the weight of the backpack at ⅓ of one’s body weight.


Safety equipment

Trekking poles:

Trekking poles make climbing up and down the slopes easier. This helps to protect one’s knees.
*Beginners are advised to bring two poles.

Headlight and batteries:

Mountain areas can get foggy, and it can be difficult to look afar in a dense forest. Use headlight instead of cell phone lights - in this way, you have both hands to use.


Knee pads, whistles, ropes, knives, emergency blankets, etc.


Personal belongings


Bring your health insurance card and ID - just in case.

Medicine and hygiene products:

Bring emergency medicine, tissue paper, and napkins.

Positioning tools:

Such as cell phones, compasses, and GPS devices.


Telecommunications in the wild can be bad. Download a map in gpx. file and store it in your mountaineering app. Plan your route according to this offline map.


Portable food

Dry food:

We recommend bringing along light, energy-boosting food that can quench one’s hunger, such as chocolate, biscuits, nuts, bread, honey, and energy drinks.

Drinking water:

Prepare 1 to 2 liters of drinking water to avoid dehydration. An alternative is electrolyte powder. The power not only provides electrolyte but also helps to avoid cramps.


Leave no trace

Plastic bags:

Protect nature if you love it. Prepare plastic bags to bring garbage down the mountains.

A small shovel:

During the trip, if there isn’t a public toilet near the trail, visitors can only go to the loo in the wild. Stay from the trail for at least a few meters away if you need to do this, and cover excrements well afterwards with a shovel. Leave no trace in the mountains.

Mountaineering safety tips

Before departure

  1. Hire a responsible and experienced guide to avoid accidents from taking place.
  2. Train yourself before departure. Choose a mountaineering area according to your own physical state.
  3. The weather can change drastically in the mountains. Before the trip, keep yourself updated about weather conditions and think wisely. In case of an approaching typhoon or torrential rain, do not go into the mountains!
  4. Be well equipped for the mountain trip. Bring a GPS device or a cell phone (satellite phone), medical equipment and medicine, reflector boards, smoke sticks, and whistles, as well as batteries.

During the trip

  1. Keep the team in a short line so that the members in the front can always easily talk to the ones at the back. Make sure everyone is ok. Do not leave the team without letting teammates know.
  2. Do not take off-the-beaten tracks. Follow the signs left by previous mountain hikers.
  3. Drink water slowly. Otherwise, you might sweat much more and feel tired.
  4. Air is thin in the high mountains. Do not walk too fast in the first 30 minutes of your trip. Walk steadily when you feel warm and breathe smoothly.
  5. Stay safe when walking through steep and risky sections. Be extra careful when you walk past toppled mountain walls and gravel slopes.
  6. Let mountain station officers, police officers, and your family know where you are during the trip.
  7. Bring garbage down the mountains so as to protect nature. Make sure the trip leaves no trace.

The five emergency measures

  1. Call 119 or 122 for assistance (wireless emergency radio: 145.0MHZ), or ask for help with a satellite phone. In case the phone call doesn’t work, send a person or two down the mountains with simple gear to acquire emergency rescue more quickly.
  2. If someone’s hurt, take care of the wound by binding it up and fixating the limb if the wound is on it. Stop it from bleeding. In case of altitude sickness, bring the patient to a place of lower altitude and provide this person with high-carbohydrate food, such as candies and chocolate. Also, keep warm and avoid low body temperature.
  3. In case of getting lost in the mountains or worsened weather conditions, find a safe place to protect yourself. Set up some proper signals for rescuers to find you quickly. If it is near sunset time, get ready for an overnight stay in the wild right away. Do not get wet, not even let your clothes become damp, so as to avoid hypothermia.
  4. If getting lost in the mountains, distribute food and water properly and calmly wait for rescue.
  5. The best way is to use a GPS device, a cell phone (satellite phone) or a camp to tell rescuers your coordinates. If you do not have the aforementioned facilities, when a helicopter or a rescue team gets closer, use a mirror to reflect light, wave at them with clothes, or set off smoke to draw their attention. Blow a whistle so that the rescuers know where you are, or respond to their calls.

(with references from the National Fire Agency, Ministry of the Interior

Last Updated: 2022/12/13