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1723 1795 1824 1860 1885

Establishing the Tamsui District

In 1721, Jhu, Yi-Guei called for an uprising "to fight the Qing Dynasty and restore the Ming Dynasty" and after capturing Taiwan prefecture established himself as king. The Qing court believed that the original administrative division of "one capital and three counties" was no longer sufficient to meet the needs of governance and so it was expanded into "one capital, four counties and two halls" - adding "Changhua County" and "Tamsui Subprefecture ". The name “Tamsui” suggests that the district began with “Danlan” - development was taking place northward from the south.


Mr. Bailan built the Northern and the Central Paths

There are two main path built by indigenous Pingpu hunters:
(The Northern Path) Nuannuan - Sandiaoling: Nuannuan - Dingnei - Fengzilai - Jieyukeng - Qieshi (Shushi) - below Sandiaoling - Sanzhuazikeng - Zhuzitan - Sandiaoling
(Central Path) Nuannuan - Dingshuangxi: Nuannuan - Shifenliao - Fengziling - Dingshuangxi. It is believed that a man with the family name of “Bailan” was the founder of the Danlan transport system.


Huang Ting-tai led people to log camphor in the mountains

Huang and his followers traveled to Wushan and Xiweiliao from Wai’ao, and found out that the area was open and flat. They recruited workers to go into the mountains with them to create farming zones and build an irrigation system. Today, this part of the history is called “leader Huang settled down in Daping.”Camphor was harvested from hilly land, with rice and sweet potatoes grown on the plains in the river valley, becoming an important source of income for local residents and attracting more Han Chinese to settle and gradually establish settlements.


Opening up ports for commercial purposes in Taiwan

Defeated in the Second Opium War, the Qing Empire agreed to open up Tamsui and Keelung ports for commercial purposes. At this time, camphor, tea, and rice were the main exported goods in Taiwan. Camphor and tea were mostly from northern Taiwan, and therefore the region became much more prosperous. The Tea Transportation Path played an important role in the Danlan road system.


Provincial governor Liu Ming-chuan develops Danlan trail

Recognizing the importance of Taiwan the Qing court designated it a province in 1885, appointing Liu Ming-chuan as the first governor. After assuming his new position Liu actively promoted many modernization and construction projects. For a hundred years, many people grew tea in the mountains. With time, tea became the most profitable economic crop in Taiwan, and the Southern Path became truly busy. The government thus built a sub-path to Kamalan, following the Tea Transportation Path. Upon expansion, it became the Beiyi Highway today.


The century-old mountainous trails in Danlan

Dating back 200 years, the Danlan Old Trail System bears witness to the history of Tamsui Prefecture in northern Taiwan and Kamalan Prefecture in eastern Taiwan during the Qing Dynasty. The trails are characterized by beautiful scenery and much culture. In recent years, the government and private groups have worked together to repair these meandering old trails, with volunteers contributing their “hand-making” effort. In 2018, the Northern Path, the Central Path, and the Southern Path were complete. Danlan Old Trail System is now a national-level green hiking trail system. Other than cultural and natural diversity, it is linked to the area’s most popular tourist attractions. Both mountaineering newbies and experienced explorers can find their suitable paths and immerse in charming Danlan. This tourist highlight allows visitors to enjoy a global-level long-distance hiking experience without going abroad.

The century-old mountainous trails in Danlan

Taiwan“handmade” hiking trail system

Locally produced materials are used to maintain and repair the hiking trails, in a nature and culture-friendly way.
This is a long hiking trail system that manifests the area’s natural and cultural characteristics, using a special marking mechanism.